Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «T»:
Taphephobia: Fear of being buried alive.
A phobia is an unreasonable sort of fear that can cause avoidance
and panic. Phobias are a relatively common type of anxiety disorder.
Phobias can be treated with cognitive behavioral therapy using
exposure and fear reduction techniques. In many cases, ant...
TAR stands for Thrombocytopenia (low blood platelets) and Aplasia (absence) of the Radius (the long bone on the thumb-side of the forearm), features characterizing this syndrome. There is phocomelia (flipper-limb) with the thumbs always present. The fibula (the smaller bone in the low...
Tarantella: A remarkable example of early music therapy that originated in the region of Taranto, a city in southeastern Italy, in the 15th to 17th centuries. There it was believed that the bite of the tarantula spider, while not fatal, caused a dire affliction called tarantism that was characterize...
Tarantism: A disease once thought to result from the bite of the tarantula spider. This extraordinary affliction was associated with melancholy, stupor, madness and an uncontrollable desire to dance. In fact, dancing off the tarantula venom was considered the only cure. The dancing was violent and e...
Tarantismo: See: Tarantism....
Tardive dyskinesia: A neurological syndrome characterized by repetitive, involuntary, purposeless movements caused by the long-term use of certain drugs called neuroleptics used for psychiatric, gastrointestinal and neurological disorders such as Parkinson's disease. Features may include grimacing, ...
Targeted radiation therapy
Targeted radiation therapy: A procedure that uses computers to create a 3-dimensional picture of the tumor in order to target the tumor as accurately as possible and give it the highest possible dose of radiation while sparing normal tissue as much as possible. It is also known as 3-D conformal (or ...
Tarsal cyst: Also called a Meibomian cyst
or a chalazion. A tarsal cyst is an inflammation of the oil gland of the eyelid....
Tarsal gland: See: Meibomian gland....
Tarsal tunnel syndrome
Tarsal tunnel syndrome: A type of compression neuropathy (nerve disease due to compression of the nerve) in the ankle and foot.
Tarsal tunnel syndrome (TTS) is similar to the better-known carpal tunnel syndrome (CTT) caused by compression and irritation of the median nerve within the carpal tunnel, ...
Tarsus: Any broad flat surface. The flat of the eyelid is called the tarsus, as is the base of the heel. The bones in the heel are collectively called the bony tarsus. Tarsus comes from the Greek "tarsos" meaning a wicker framework or basket. See also: Bony tarsus....
Tarsus, bony: See: Bony tarsus....
Tartar: Tartar is the hardened product of
longstanding plaque accumulating minerals from the saliva and foods. Plaque is the soft
accumulation of food debris and bacteria around teeth. These bacteria feed on left over
food in the mouth to excrete toxins that irritate the gums and dissolve the bone. ...
Tassinari syndrome: A form of epilepsy associated with language difficulties. The syndrome surfaces around the age of four with receptive or expressive dysphasia and slowed learning. There may be absence, myoclonic, or focal seizures. The cause of the syndrome is unknown. Treatment is with seizure m...
Taste: Taste belongs to our chemical sensing system, or the chemosenses. The complicated process of tasting begins when molecules released by the substances stimulate special cells in the mouth or throat. These special sensory cells transmit messages through nerves to the brain where specific tastes...