Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «G»:
Gestalt therapy: A psychotherapeutic
concept that stresses understanding mental processes as
holistic entities (gestalts) rather than as discrete steps.
Gestalt therapy often uses group therapy techniques to help
patients gain this type of insight.
See also group therapy....
Gestation: Period of time from conception to
Gestation period: The period of development of the young from the time of conception until birth. For humans the full gestation period is normally 9 months.
The word "gestation" comes from the Latin "gestare" meaning "to carry or to bear."...
Gestational carrier: Also known as gestational surrogate. A woman who carries
a pregnancy and gives birth to a child for another woman or couple. For a woman
to serve as a gestational carrier, an embryo (created by the process of in vitro
fertilization) is implanted in her uterus. The gestational...
Gestational diabetes: See: Diabetes, gestational....
Gestational hypertension: See: Hypertension, gestational....
Gesundheit: Interjection used to wish "good health," especially to someone who has sneezed. In this situation, Gesundheit is roughly equivalent to "God bless you."
In German "Gesundheit" means "health" (and "sanity"). Wishing "good health" was once thought to hold off the illness that might follow...
GFAP: Glial fibrillary acidic protein. The degenerative brain condition called Alexander disease is caused by mutation in GFAP (glial fibrillary acidic protein).
The GFAP gene provides instructions for making GFAP protein, a member of the intermediate filament family that provides support and streng...
GFP: Green fluorescent protein....
GHB: Known in Europe as Gamma-OH, this is gamma hydroxybutyrate, a colorless and odorless drug used illicitly for "recreational" purposes and for "date rape." GBH is a central nervous system depressant. It tends therefore to increase sociability and function as something of a transient antidepressan...
GI: 1. In medicine, commonly used abbreviation for gastrointestinal, referring collectively to the stomach and the small and large intestine.
2. Outside of medicine, GI may stand for galvanized iron, general issue or government issue (as in GI Joe).
GI tract: Short for gastrointestinal tract. See: Gastrointestinal tract....
Giant cell arteritis
Giant cell arteritis: A serious disease characterized
by inflammation of the walls of the blood vessels (vasculitis). The vessels affected by
the inflammation are the arteries (hence the name "arteritis"). The age of
affected patients is usually over 50 years of age. Giant cell arteritis c...
Giant cell pneumonia
Giant cell pneumonia: Also known as Hecht's pneumonia, this is a deadly but fortunately rare complication of measles. It tends to strike children who are immunodeficient as from leukemia or HIV/AIDS. The postmortem examination (autopsy) shows multinucleated giant cells lining the alveoli (air sacs...
Giant cell tumor of bone
Giant cell tumor of bone: A tumor of bone characterized by massive destruction of the end (epiphysis) of a long bone. The site most commonly struck by this tumor is the knee -- the far end of the femur and the near end of the tibia. The tumor is often coated by new bony growth. It causes pain, restr...